The Future of Education

Edition 14

Accepted Abstracts

Application Planned Behavior Theory in Determining Factors Conditioning Use of Active Transport in the Context of Sustainable Development

Laima Gasiūnienė, Lithuanian Sports University, Kaunas (Lithuania)

Brigita Miežienė, Lithuanian Sports University, Kaunas (Lithuania)


The importance of physical activity in achieving the goals of sustainable development is recognized (Baena-Morales, 2021; Salvo, 2021), but there is still a lack of research that analyzes the factors that help to explain a person's behavior related to the use of active transport. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of active transport use and factors that conditioning it among young Lithuanian adults. Methods: 250 respondents participated in the study, 80% of them were women and 20% were men, the mean age is 20.38 years. Active transport was measured using theory of Planned Behavior Constructs (intention, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control) (Ajzenk, 2006). Environmentally friendly attitudes were measured by the Sustainability Consciousness Questionnaire (Gericke et al., 2019). Results: it was found that 26.4% of respondents use active transport when traveling to/from educational institutions/work, 10% when traveling to/from social events, 54.4% when traveling to/from shops. Significant relationships were found between greater involvement in active transport and attitudes favorable to active transport (r=.170, p<.05), attitudes favorable to environmental protection (r=.134; p<.05), subjective norms regarding active transport (r=.159; p<.05), perceived control (r=.351; p<.05) and intention to use active transport (r=.445; p<.05). Interpretation. The increasing awareness of the health and environmental benefits of active transport encourages people to replace motor vehicles with active transport. Conclusion. The use of active transport is associated with favorable attitudes towards sustainable development, subjective norm and perceived behavioral control.



sustainable development, active transportation, active transport, physical activity, sustainability, planned behavior theory


1. Ajzen, I. (2006). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational behavior and human decision processes, 50(2), 179-211.

2. Baena-Morales, S., & González-Víllora, S. (2021). Physical education for sustainable development goals: Reflections and comments for contribution in the educational framework. Sport, Education and Society, 1-17.

3. Gericke, N., Boeve‐de Pauw, J., Berglund, T., & Olsson, D. (2019). The Sustainability Consciousness Questionnaire: The theoretical development and empirical validation of an evaluation instrument for stakeholders working with sustainable development. Sustainable Development27(1), 35-49.

4. Salvo, D., Garcia, L., Reis, R. S., Stankov, I., Goel, R., Schipperijn, J., ... & 3. Pratt, M. (2021). Physical activity promotion and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals: building synergies to maximize impact. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 18(10), 1163-1180.


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