The Future of Education

Edition 14

Accepted Abstracts

From Orientalism to "Io Capitano": a Journey through Otherness in a Pedagogical Perspective

Sabina Leoncini, Freelance Researcher (Italy)



Translated into thirty-six languages, debated and criticized, Said’s "Orientalism" is still the starting point of a critical reflection on otherness, reflecting also about all the “Io Capitano” that cross every day the Mediterranean see to reach Europe. If on the one hand with the myth of Europe, we can trace the origins of the European cultural identity, promoted by Erasmus, Horizon and other actions, on the other we build an increasingly marked border between "us" and "them", between East and West, between Europeans and non-EU citizens, between North and South. Through this contribution, retracing Foucault's studies, myths and stereotypes about the East and the West, voices of students and teachers involved in European projects, I would like to develop in the reader that sense of disorientation and confusion that is perceived when the researcher realizes that his entire training requires a change of perspective. From this crisis comes the "meridian" thought and the need for a reversal that leads to the emergence of a new pedagogy: Mediterranean, welcoming, inclusive, assertive, intercultural, without losing its scientific nature; to find a "meeting space" instead of building a border and an ever higher wall between Western identity and the rest of the world.

KeywordsMigration, Europe, Inclusive Education

Reference list:

Baldazzi, B. (2022) Goal 4 - Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.

Foucault, M. (1977) Microfosica del potere (A. Fontana e P. Pasquino, Trad.). Einaudi. (Opera originale pubblicata 1977).

Foucault, M. (1993) Sorvegliare e punire, nascita della prigione, (A. Tarchetti, Trad.),Torino. (Opera  originale pubblicata 1975).

MIUR: Linee guida integrazione alunni stranieri

Said, E., Orientalism, Vintage, 1979.

Tajfel, H. (1969). Cognitive aspects of prejudice, Journal of Social Issues, 25(4), 79-97 19

Zanetti F., Pacetti E., (2020)From the concept of citizenship to the transversal skills for global citizenship in schools, in: (AA) Teacher education and the development of democratic citizenship in Europe, London and New York, Routledge-Taylor & Francis Group, pp. 92 - 111.


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