The Future of Education

Edition 14

Accepted Abstracts

E-Learning Strategies for Teens with ADHD, Teen Driver Training

Melissa Paciulli, University of Massachusetts (United States)

Song Gao, University of Massachusetts (United States)

Michael Knodler, University of Massachusetts (United States)

Don Fisher, University of Massachusetts (United States)


Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for younger drivers age 15-20 in the U.S. Researchers have looked extensively at the causes of young driver crashes. They find that younger drivers are less likely to pay attention to the forward roadway, are less likely to anticipate a hazard, and have difficulty controlling their driving behaviors such as speeding. [1,2] While this is true of many young drivers, those that have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have additional challenges such as increased difficulty with impulsivity, attention and focus and learning challenges. Children diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder aged 4-17 continues to increase from 9.5% in 2007 to 11% in 2011. [3] Of these, only 4 in 10 are taking medication to treat the symptoms of ADHD. While medication can be effective in helping younger drivers stay focused and navigate the roadway, [4], there is still concern from parents and teens around taking medication.  Phase I of this research, focused on understanding the needs of ADHD drivers using a full car driving simulator and eye tracking technology. Phase II included the development of an e-learning training program and video game development. By creating a learning environment that fits the learning profiles of teens with ADHD, researchers, this tailored training program can be cloud based, and available to reinforce learning outcomes focused on hazard recognition and mitigation. The safety of our roadways need to be guaranteed for all populations, not just the neurotypical population.



E-learning Strategies for Teens with ADHD, Teen Driver Training



[1] NHTSA. (2005, 1 1). NHTSA's National Center for Statistics and Analysis. Retrieved 1 1, 2013, from NHTSA's National Center for Statistics and Analysis:

 [2] NHTSA. (2011, 4 1). Traffic Safety Facts . Retrieved 1 1, 2013, from NHTSA's National Center for Statistics and Analysis :

[3] National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA). (2013). Young drivers: Traffic safety facts (2011 Data). Report DOT HS 811 744. Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation.

[4]Barkely, R. A., & Cox, D. (2007). A review of driving risks and impairments associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and the effects of stimulant medication on driving performance. Journal of Safety Research , 38, 113-128.



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