New Perspectives in Science Education

Edition 13

Accepted Abstracts

The concept of energy from a sustainable and responsible point of view in the high school curriculum in Spain.

Jesus Maestre Jiménez, University of Extremadura, Department of Didactics of Experimental Sciences (Spain)

Guadalupe Martínez Borreguero, University of Extremadura. Department of Didactics of Experimental Sciences (Spain)

Francisco Luis Naranjo, University of Extremadura. Department of Didactics of Experimental Sciences (Spain)


In this work an exploratory analysis of the treatment of the concept of Energy from the point of view of sustainable development in the current curriculum of secondary education and baccalaureate in Spain is carried out. The documents analysed were Spanish Royal Decree 1105/2014, of December 26, which regulates nationwide the basic aspects of the curriculum of Secondary Education and Baccalaureate, and Decree 98/2016, of July 5, establishing the management and curriculum for the Autonomous Community of Extremadura. The purpose of the work has been to analyse from a lexicographic perspective the concept of energy and analyse the subjects in which it is taught in the 12-18 years old range. A system of categories has been established to study the approach of the concept of sustainable and responsible energy, with the purpose of analysing what curricular elements must be added to the curriculum to complete the school and scientific formation on this concept, from the point of view of responsibility and awareness. The design of the research has been qualitative with a descriptive statistical treatment of the data obtained. In order to explain the responsible and sustainable approach to the energy implicit in the regulations analysed, all references related to the concept of development of efficiency, sustainability and related elements have been taken into account. Based on the analysis of all the sentences, different categories were established to classify the references to the field of responsible energy included in the regulations analysed: Energy Sources (ES), Consumption / Use (CUE), Technology (TE), Awareness and Ethics (AE) and Energy Efficiency (EE). The results show that the word energy appears linked to some type of responsibility in six different forms, used as the indicators of the study. For each of these indicators a comprehensive descriptive analysis has been performed. In general terms, the regulation gives a high relevance to the concept from the point of view of technological progress to contribute to social development, efficiency, sustainability and a correct use of energy, as well as a wide endorsement and sponsorship of renewable energies.



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[6] Real Decreto 1105/2014, de 26 de diciembre, por el que se establece el currículo básico de la Educación Secundaria Obligatoria y del Bachillerato.
[7] Decreto 98/2016, de 5 de julio, por el que se establece la ordenación y currículo de la Educación Secundaria Obligatoria y del Bachillerato para la Comunidad Autónoma de Extremadura.

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