New Perspectives in Science Education

Edition 13

Accepted Abstracts

Technology and Human Education

Klaudius Hartl, Private University of Education Diocese of Linz (Austria)


This study argues that structures of technical education are part of general education. Research areas include all objects conceived and produced by humans with an immediate intent of function utility and how this world of artefacts is embedded into the broader socio-cultural context. The omnipresence of this "Leonardo world" (Mittelstraß, 1992) has a lasting influence on our lifeworld. A localisation into a human educational idea is necessary, as argued by Nida-Rümelin (2013). His approach is based on a holistic, lifeworld orientation knowledge. How technology can be integrated as a decisive cultural phenomenon into this holistic concept, becomes the essential question. A hermeneutic approach seems methodologically suitable. It manifests in the sense-understanding of the tangible work, as well as its creation and use. The fundamental structural moments in hermeneutic understanding retain their validity. These are according to Danner (2006, p. 42):

1. We perceive a thing or a process sensually.
2. We recognise that as something human. 
3. We understand the meaning and the sense of this as human.

A holistic approach describes the human being in a unity of thinking, feeling and corporeality - merged into a whole that is more than the sum of its parts. The analogy to artefacts is the workpiece in its unity of form, function, material and manufacturing process. It is felt, thought out and self-made. In it, man interprets themself; with it they create their own world, the cultural sphere. This process manifests as a feedback loop between the worlds of objects and human beings.
Due to the technical transformation of the world, increasingly pressing problem areas with global dimensions are widening. The existential challenge is to locate technology in a human world view. This assignment is not least given to pedagogy in general and to a corresponding educational subject in particular: “Technology and Design”.

Keywords: technology, education, lifeworld;

Danner, Helmut (2006). Methoden geisteswissenschaftlicher Pädagogik. (5. ed.). München: Reinhardt.
Mittelstraß, Jürgen (1992). Leonardo-Welt (1. ed.). Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp.
Nida-Rümelin, Julian (2013). Philosophie einer humanen Bildung. Hamburg: Edition Köber-Stiftung.



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