New Perspectives in Science Education

Edition 13

Accepted Abstracts

School Resources for Situations Involving Religious Matters

Gabriela Abuhab Valente, Universidade de São Paulo and Université Lumière Lyon 2 (Brazil)


The aim of this contribution is to identify and analyze the genesis of the resources used by teachers to deal with school situations, especially those related to the religious matter. The constitution of resources for teaching practice does not come only from professional experience, mainly in the Brazilian case, where there are no official rules or prescriptions for this subject. Thus, it is questioned: what are the resources mobilized by teachers in situations involving the religious question? What are the origins of these resources for action in real and often unpredictable situations? Our supposition is that the action resources used in teaching practices are consistent with the plurality of references that constitute the teaching identity. Based on ethnographic interviews with eighteen teachers from Elementary School in the State of São Paulo, 54 situations involving the religious question were collected. All the situations were analyzed in what concerns the resources used by the teachers. For this article we selected four situations that will be exposed, because they are representative, and they serve to exemplify and to assist the argument developed here. To sum up, we reveal that the origin of the repertoires used in the teaching practice, as far as the religious question is concerned, comes from the personal competences, which are closely associated with characteristics of the Brazilian socio-cultural configuration, such as the hybrid dispositions of habitus and the mixture between public sphere and private sphere. All things considered, these aspects of the Brazilian culture culminate in the naturalization of the religious in the teaching practice.

Keywords: Teaching Practices; Religion; Teacher Training; Resources;


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