New Perspectives in Science Education

Edition 13

Accepted Abstracts

Re-making Classroom Borders with TINKERING Approach

Alden Dochshanov, EU-Track (Italy)

Michela Tramonti, IMI-Bulgarian Academy of Science (Bulgaria)


Nowadays, the general understanding of hi-end technologies progress is essentially referred to IT-industry, but the further progress in technology, e.g. in nanotechnologies, are based on a continuous fusion of different branches of modern science. Thus, inter-, multi-, and trans-disciplinarity is a must to consider issue.

In addition, given a tremendous level of modern technologies we possess already, one may reasonably foresee that to pave a way towards more advanced technologies a solid knowledge may be just a partial prerequisite. Therefore, creativity, synthesis and imagination, capacity to build something new using the pieces already available come into play. In such an endeavor, tinkering, as a relatively new approach in a learning curriculum, may be of extreme practical usefulness.

In this context, the research intends to test an innovative learning setting and to design pedagogical-didactic tools based on "tinkering approach" in science education to be used outside the classroom. The learning path will be constructed on the base of the results achieved from an analysis on the use of informal activities in science education taking into account gender and geographical differences, and socio-economically disadvantaged groups by allowing these people to be close to science world and to live in an innovative way.

Tinkering methodology enables learners to understand, on their own, science by investigating tools, materials and exploring questions in which they are interested in. It is suitable for teaching and learning STEM subjects offering a wealth of opportunities for thinking through “making”. Both “tinkering” and “making” support the development of the capacity for an innovative problem solving by engaging learners in hands-on and creative building projects combining science, technology, engineering and math subjects. This can ensure not only a variety of skills and mindsets, generally used in the classroom, but by supporting students to deal with engineered pieces of actual technology, treating those as tangible, manageable and adjustable objects according to their tasks’ needs, the approach, thus, intends to prepare learners for life and work in the real world.

KeywordsSTEM education, learning by doing, inquiry-based learning, technology-enhanced learning;


[1] European Commission Communication, EUROPE 2020 – A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, Brussels, 3.3.3010.
[2] Milojević, S., Multidisciplinary cognitive content of nanoscience and nanotechnology, <<Journal of Nanoparticle Research>>, 14(1), 2012. 
[3] Iadonisi, G., Introduction to Solid State Physics and Crystalline Nanostructures, Springer, 2014.
[4] Aina, J.K., The Economic importance of conductor, semiconductor and insulator, 2012.  
Retrieved from in 02/08/2017.
[5] Osborne, J., & Dillon, J., Science education in Europe: Critical reflections (A report to the Nuffield Foundation), 2008. Retrieved from
[6] Potvin, P., Hasni, A., Interest, motivation and attitude towards science and technology at K-12 levels: a systematic review of 12 years of educational research, <<Studies in Science education>>, Vol. 50, No. 1, Taylor & Francis, 2014, pp. 85-129.
[7] Offenhäusser, A., R. Rinaldi, Nanobioelectronics - for Electronics, Biology, and Medicine, Springer New York, 2009.
[8] Didactic Encyclopedia, What is the meaning of Informal education? Concept, Definition of Informal education, The Editors of Didactic Encyclopedia, 2013. 
Retrieved from in 02/08/2017
[9] Bernstein, R., Educating outside the classroom, Retrieved from Bevan, B., The promise and the promises of Making in science education, <<Studies in Science>>, 2015.
[10] Zaki C., Formal, non-formal and informal education: concepts/applicability, published in “Cooperative Networks in Physics Education - Conference Proceedings 173”, American Institute of Physics, New York, 1988, pp. 300-31.
[11] Dweck, C. S.,  Mindset: The new psychology of success, New York: Random House, 2006.
[12] Dweck, C. S., Mindset: How you can fulfill your potential, Constable & Robinson Limited, 2012. 


Back to the list


Reserved area

Media Partners:

Click BrownWalker Press logo for the International Academic and Industry Conference Event Calendar announcing scientific, academic and industry gatherings, online events, call for papers and journal articles
Pixel - Via Luigi Lanzi 12 - 50134 Firenze (FI) - VAT IT 05118710481
    Copyright © 2024 - All rights reserved

Privacy Policy